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The 34 Most Significant Ethnic Communities of Thailand

Thailand has a long history of its inhabitants intermingling with those of other countries and regions. As a result, though about 96 percent of the population listed themselves as Thai in 2010, there are vast cultural and linguistic differences among them. So, when travellers explore this country during their holidays, they will find locals with varied dialects and languages. There are over 30 ethnic groups here, which may be best grouped according to the family of languages they speak. These families are generally taken to be Tai-Kadai, Mon-Khmer, Sino-Tibetan, Malayo-Polynesian and Miao-Yao.

Tai-Kadai

The groups that speak these languages are the Tai Yuan, Isan, Lu, Phu Thai, Saek, Shan, Tai Dam and Tai Nua. The Tai Yuan people mostly inhabit the northern part of the kingdom of Thailand while the Isans mainly live in the north-eastern part. Originally, from Lao ethnicity, the Isans were forcefully assimilated into the national culture, and soon they developed an identity, independent of their Lao roots. The Lu people live in China and Vietnam, apart from this kingdom and mainly practise Theravada Buddhism. Tours can be taken to the north-eastern region of the nation to meet the Phu Thai people. The Saek community can be found inhabiting the area near the Thailand-Laos border in the Isan region. A small minority of the Shan people, originally from Burma, also live here. This language-family is also used to communicate by members of the communities, who dwell in the southern Thai provinces. The Tai Dam people came to this nation from Vietnam and settled here. Thailand also has inhabitants who converse in the Tai-Nua branch of the Tai-Kadai group.

Mon-Khmer

Vacations in Thailand may be utilised to learn about the Mon-Khmer languages from the Bru, Khmer, Kuy, Lawa, Lua, Mani, Mlabri, Mon, Nyah Kur, Palaung, Phai and Sao people. The Brus live in the Sakon Nakhon and Mukdahan provinces, and also in the Isan region. Khmers came from Cambodia and made the north-eastern part of the country their home. Kuys practise a variety of professions here like mining, weaving, handicrafts, rice and silk farming. Lawa, who live in the northern region of the kingdom, are one of its oldest ethnicities. The Luas are another Lao group, who have considerable numbers in Thailand. Mani is among the smallest groups here and its members practise a hunting-gathering lifestyle.

The hills in the northern part of the kingdom are also home to the small Mlabri community. Tourists can meet Mon inhabitants in the southern extreme of the sovereign state, near its border with Malaysia. Among the oldest residents of the region are the Nyah Kurs, who found some of the earliest civilisations here. Northern Thailand is also home to the Palaung ethnic group, who mostly follow the Theravada sect of Buddhism. The Phai community is mostly concentrated in the Nan Province of the kingdom. Northeast Thailand is where people of the Sao community mostly live.

Tibeto-Burman and Chinese

These two families of languages are spoken by the Han, Akha, Karen, Lahu, Lisu and Yi ethnic groups. During trips to this country, people may also interact with one of the largest Chinese community outside of their homeland, and they mostly belong to the Han sub-ethnicity. The Akhas came from China in the 1900s and relocated to the hilly areas of the kingdom, which are also the refuge of the Karens, who had migrated from Myanmar. Lahus and Yi, who have strong Chinese roots and Lisu, who are also found in Arunachal Pradesh (India) are also among the hill tribes of Thailand.

Malayo-Polynesian

The Malayo-Polynesian languages are spoken by the Cham, Malay, Moken and Urak Lawoi ethnic groups. Here these people mostly inhabit the southern provinces of Pattani, Narathiwat, Yala and Songkhla. The southern part of the country can be visited to meet some ethnic Malays as well. A minority, the Moken people, live on the west coast of the kingdom and also in southern provinces of Phuket, Krabi, Satun, Trang, Ranong and Phang Nga. Among the aboriginal inhabitants of Thailand speaking these tongues are Urak Lawoi who inhabit the islands around the country.

Hmong-Mien or Miao-Yao

The most significant ethnicities in this nation to speak the Miao-Yao or Hmong-Mien languages are the Hmong and Yao. When and where the Hmong inhabitants first appeared is widely debated. It is generally believed that they originated in the area around the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. Some historians and anthropologists theorise that this ethnic group has inhabited southern China for over 2000 years. The Yaos make up one of the six tribes that live in the Thai hills. Their history can be traced to about 2000 years ago, and they probably appeared in the Hunan province of China. They were pushed down further south by the rapidly expanding Han inhabitants.

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Learing During Thailand Holidays: Buddhism is the Mainstay of Indo-Thai Relations

It is a historical fact that the desire to look for new opportunities of trade has paved the way for exploration of new lands, encouraged settlements and even occupation. In case of ancient India, another factor, besides trade, which has led to the explorations and settlements in foreign lands has been that of religion, and particularly that of Buddhism. Influence of Buddhism has been spread to countries in South Asia, South East Asia as well as Far East Asia since the ancient times. While Buddhist monks went to the land-bordering countries for preaching their religious tenets generally on their own, they were sent off to far off lands through the sea route with active encouragement of the ruling kings of respective times. This was a far sighted approach of establishing cultural relations between India and other lands whose imprint would last for centuries to come. Evolution and growth of the India-Thailand relations have to be viewed in this backdrop. The current state of tourism flowing to Thailand from India has to do with these past relations between the two countries.

How These Relations Evolved?

The first well documented instance of development of Indo-Thai relations dates back to 3rd century BC when king Ashoka sent off Buddhist monks, Sona and Uttara, to the country for propagation of Buddhism. This religion has been guiding light of lives of Thai people all through this period. More than 90 percent of the people are now followers of this religion. The strong bond of people with this religion can be seen in all aspects of their lives.

Besides religion, trade and knowledge have been the other two threads that have bonded these relations. Medieval times saw increase in trade between the two countries. Indian Brahmins were known to educate the Thais in matters of astrology and conduct of ceremonies. Brahmins brought their beliefs and ceremonial traditions to this land. Even now the Coronation of Thai King is done as per the rituals that were followed by Indian kings during medieval times. There is also a strong resemblance of the rituals and ceremonies being followed in the two countries.

Migration patterns from India to Thailand indicate that Hindus from both north and south India made Thailand their place of residence.

Maha Uma Devi temple
Maha Uma Devi temple

Maha Uma Devi temple is the most revered place for Thai Hindus located in Silom district in Bangkok. People of Punjab traded in textiles with two main centers of Phahurat and Sampheng districts. Devasthan Temple became their main religious center.

Muslims and Sikhs also migrated to Thailand. Muslims live essentially in the southern region of the country bordering Malaysia and are engaged in agriculture, jewelry and export-import business.

Guru Singh Sabha in Phahurat
Guru Singh Sabha in Phahurat

Sikhs are essentially into the textiles business and their presence can be noted mostly in the Sampheng and Phahurat districts. Guru Singh Sabha in Phahurat district is their main religious center.

(This is the first part of a series of articles to showcase close connections of India with Thailand)

Bangkok – a Marriage of Religion and Modernism

Bangkok is the cosmopolitan capital city of Thailand – the nation with a rich heritage. This mega-city is situated in the central region of the kingdom and is bordered by the Gulf of Thailand in the south. Its skyline is dominated by soaring skyscrapers while the roads and nightlife bustle with locals and people from other parts of the world. In the modern era, Bangkok has quickly developed into a major financial and cultural centre. International holidays have helped in making it a significant tourist attraction with over 30 million people flocking to the city as per reports. Along with its sky-high structures, shopping arcades, theatres and entertainment centres, its places of interest like the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew witness extensive tourist activities.

Grand Palace

Grand Palace
Grand Palace

Grand Palace serves as the residence of the royalty of the kingdom. The palace is divided into four sections; each having a separate complex of buildings. The outer court had buildings related to the administration of the kingdom that are now used by the family of the monarch. In the centre of the complex is the middle court, which is the largest and the most important section of the complex. Most of the residential buildings and administrative offices are located here. It is further sub-divided into three sections and each has a group of structures. To the east of the middle court is the Siwalai Garden, where many buildings were constructed and destroyed over the course of time. The inner court was used by kings, queens, consorts and children from the royal family.

Wat Phra Kaew

Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew

Wat Phra Kaew, located in the north-eastern corner of the palace, is among the holiest Buddhist shrines in the kingdom. It is a complex of structures, built in the traditional Rattanakosin style of architecture. Green and orange tiles are used to decorate the roof and pillars of the central shrine. The triangular structure, atop the columns, is made of white marble. On the top of a high pedestal sits a statue of Buddha. It is made of green nephrite and is draped in cloaks made of gold that are changed thrice a year by the king. The changing of clothes is done corresponding to the three seasons – summer, winter and rainfall. Buddha in this statue is depicted sitting in a meditative position known as Padmasana. The shelter above the statue and the surrounding pillars are also covered in gold.

Walls, equalling 2 km in length, surround the temple and its constituent buildings, and are decorated with scenes from the Ramayana – a famous Hindu epic. There are a total of 178 scenes adorning the walls that narrate the entire story. The idea of these murals is to make people realise the importance of focusing on values of faith, devotion and honesty. Outside the central shrine are twelve salas built by king Rama I. Salas are open pavilions where people meet or come to protect themselves from the sun and rain. The pavilions inside the Wat Phra Kaew house various historical artefacts brought from countries like Java and Cambodia. People visiting it during their Thailand holidays must wear covered clothes like full-sleeved shirts, long pants and skirts.

Nightlife of Thailand

Thailand, located in Southeast Asia, is a country that in recent years has seen an unprecedented increase in its visitor percentage. This upsurge can be attributed to the fact that the world has awaken to the fact that this nation has an abundance natural beauty and man-made wonders that are awe-inspiring. The history of this region dates back to time of 13th and 14th centuries when it was ruled by the kingdoms of Sukhothai and Lan Na. However, the following several hundred of years, it saw the dominion of the Ayutthaya kingdom. Finally, the rule of Ayutthaya was over with the invasion of Burmese invaders. The 20th century was a tumultuous period for the nation that saw transition to constitutional monarchy, which today, is head by King Bumibol Adulyadej – the Head of State. To unearth and learn about the history of this wonderful region, tourists as well as history lovers can come on a Thailand tour. Another facet of this nation that has caught the attention of globetrotters and party lovers is its nightlife.

From high-end nightclubs to stylish discos, the option for partying in this country is plenty. Partying and celebrating is a part of the culture of the local people, so it is not an uncommon site to see people enjoying drinks at bars and restaurants without any inhibition. Though, most clubs and bars get closed by 1 am and to enter a nightclub or bar, the permissible age is 20 years. The destinations in Thailand, where nightlife is at its best are Khao Lak, Chiang Mai, Bangkok, Koh Chang and Hua Hin.

A Night like Never Before

The city of Chiang Mai presents an opportunity for every party goer, dancing and drinking. One of the popular areas for youngsters is the Nimmanheimin Road, where great food and live music can be enjoyed at bars and restaurants. A popular pass time of local people is riverside drinking near Ping River and enjoying performances of live music bands.

Khao Lak is the ideal place to go out and enjoy in the night, when travelling with family. There are cafes and clubs at this place that have more of a European atmosphere than Asian. In Bangkok, the nightlife offers diverse options, starting from jazz clubs, flashy bars, live music and splendid restaurants. Some of the popular spots to visit while in the city are Khao San Road, ThreeSixty Lounge, Tapas, Saxaphone and Bed Supperclub.

Pattaya and Phuket are two other most important nightlife destinations that receive an upsurge of visitors, year on year. The Pattaya Walking Street is the main area of this place that is lined with numerous bars and clubs. While in Phuket, spots that should not be given a miss, if the idea is to have a fun-filled night, are Ratri Jazz Bar, Club Lime, Ska Bar and Sound Phuket. Great music and food offered at these places to keep tourists engaged and entertained the most. People on Thailand tours, must visit all these nightlife spots for a unique holiday experience.

An Excellent Culinary Experience in Phuket

Nestled in the heart of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia, Thailand is a beautiful country known for the melange of heritage and modernity. Ruled by notable dynasties in ancient and medieval times, it still is a royal monarchy in terms of administration. The long association of this country with Theravada Buddhism can be understood from the various monasteries and Buddhist temples, which are situated in its different provinces and cities. Another aspect of this country is the thriving modernity, which is evident from its high-rise buildings, vibrant beach culture and the world-famous nightlife. Most of the Thailand tours offered by leading travel portals are concentrated around these distinct facets.

 

Thailand is divided into various provinces, for the purpose of convenient administration. Each province in this nation has its own speciality and culture, which is inherited form people of different ethnicities. One such division in the country is Phuket, which has emerged as one of the top tourist destinations across the globe. Formerly known by the name of Thalang, this island is famous for its sprawling beaches, coral reefs, year-round celebrations and a unique nightlife scene. An indispensable part of the culture of this island province is its cuisine, which is primarily focused on seafood.

Explore the Dietary Delights

Any Phuket tour is incomplete without getting a taste of its delectable cuisine. As this region is surrounded by sea on all sides, seafood is found here in abundance. Succulent dishes made using the finest of ingredients are available at every street stall and restaurant of the place. What makes the overall eating experience an enthralling one is the variety in options. Traditional Thai cuisine is not the only thing found in Phuket. Tourists can also treat themselves with the most scrumptious dishes from Malay, Indian, Middle Eastern and Japanese cuisine.

 

Prawns, shrimps, lobsters, crabs and fish cooked in spicy sauces and herbs make the entire culinary experience an unforgettable one. Apart from seafood delicacies, tourists can easily get the usual chicken, mutton, beef and pork dishes at any of the vendors and hawkers.

Tom Yam Goong
Tom Yam Goong

The exotic Thai cuisine includes dishes like Tom Yam Goong – the national soup and Pad Thai noodles, which do not need an introduction.

Pad Thai noodles
Pad Thai noodles

Som Tam is a spicy papaya salad, which is heath and delicious at the same time.

Som Tam
Som Tam

Kao Tom, a dish made using boiled rice and meat, is a wholesome and tasty meal.

kao tom
kao tom

A variety of dim sums can also be eaten at the food stall of Phuket.

Pad See Iew
Pad See Iew

Some typical Thai dishes that must not be missed while being here are Pad See Iew, Kway Tio, Tom Kah Talay and Pad Pak Ruam.

 

Tom Kah Talay
Tom Kah Talay
Pad Pak Ruam
Pad Pak Ruam

While exploring culinary delights of the region, tourists should not forget to taste the street snacks, which are cheap and delicious. Thai pancakes with a wide range of sweet and salty fillings are worth a try. Grilled, fried and steamed meatballs made of beef, fish and chicken are served with spicy dips at every nook and corner of Phuket. Ice cream sandwich is something that is loved by every sweet lover coming to the island on a holiday.

Beach Expedition in Pattaya

There is something about the limpid waters and sandy beaches, fringed with palm trees, that intrigue holidaymakers from around the world. Various beach holiday destinations can be spotted within the vast expanse of Asia, the largest continent in the world. One such notable hotspot thronged by tourists from all over the world is Pattaya – a premier coastal town in Thailand. It is nestled in the south-east area of Bangkok and faces the Thai Gulf. Starting from magnificent shores and revered Buddhist shrines to the effervescent nightlife and adventurous water sports, there is plenty to explore and revel in here. The place is also known for its restaurants, nightclubs, discotheques, cocktail lounges and cabarets. With so much to delve into, a holiday in Pattaya is bound to be action-packed and unforgettable. An ideal destination for families, couples and backpackers, this destination is ranked among the some of the best  resorts along the coastline in the entire continent.

Seaside Destinations in Pattaya

The town is abound with beautiful seashores that offer great value and are ideal to grab a few moments of repose or have boundless fun. Among the many coastal destinations in this lively waterfront area, two of the most popular ones are Pattaya and Jomtien Beach. Both these coasts are flocked by tourists as well as locals all through the year. There are umpteen beach activities, which can be experienced during a visit at these sites.

Jomtien

Jomtien Beach
Jomtien Beach

Jomtien, a long stretch of sandy coastline, is an ideal pick for those who enjoy tranquillity and are looking for an escape from the hustle and bustle of city life. It is certainly more appealing and less crowded than any other coastal region in the town. This shore is a popular spot among tourists and natives, who come here to enjoy cool sea breezes and scrumptious seafood under the shade of large parasols. There is a lot more to indulge in at Jomtien Beach – aqua adventures, shopping and a vibrant nightlife.

Jomtien
Jomtien

Opportunities to revel in a vast variety of exciting and adventurous water sports are available at the seafront. Tourists from far-flung areas drop by the coastal region to swim, windsurf, water ski, sail, sunbathe and snorkel. To ensure the safety of people engaging in these fun-filled activities, short certified instruction courses are designed especially for them. Barely five km from the town, there is a widely spread freshwater lake, which is used for cable ski, a sport that is witnessing a quick growth in its popularity.

The nearby Floating Market is one-of-a-kind attraction of this region, which has over 110 shops and stalls along with a number of eateries. Few kilometres drive from the market are the amazing Three Kingdoms Theme Park and the revered shrine, Wat Yansangwararam. Other attractions that are worth-a-visit in the region are Underwater World, Bottle Art Museum, Viharn Sien and Elephant Village.

Holidaymakers on Pattaya tours can enjoy all these unique experiences and explore the serenity of the entire place. This place can be visited throughout the year and the best time to arrive here are considered between September to March. Travellers can opt for airways or waterways to reach here and after de-boarding, they can choose from a variety of local means of transport to visit various places of the town.

Explore the Distinctive Seafront During Thailand Holidays

An interesting fact to note about Thailand is that this country has never been an European colony unlike many South-East Asian countries. The nation has existed as a constitutional monarchy and was previously known as Siam. It became a unified Kingdom of Thailand after 1939. Nearly equal to the size of Spain, this country is a popular tourist hotspot across the world. One of the factors that is responsible for its popularity among travellers is its tropical climate. Commonly, the nation enjoys a hot and humid climate ideal enough to spend some time along its seaside. This mountainous region is one of the popular among the international tour packages owing to its beaches, forests, wildlife sanctuaries, waterfalls, culture and food.

Enjoy a Holiday Close to Nature

This country is abound with natural resources, comprising its unique ecological zones, which range from temperate forests to mangrove forests to plains and savannas along with the huge variety of fauna and flora. A proof of its rich natural bounty is its more than 100 national parks, with over 20 marine parks alone. Its landscape provides opportunities for numerous adventure activities like mountain biking, camping, birdwatching, trekking and scuba diving. While relaxing along the seaside or exploring the quaint islands during Thailand holidays, vacationers can learn the basics of scuba diving or may study the exotic aquatic life.

Diversities in Beaches

Khao Lak
Khao Lak

Visiting the Thai beaches is like a dream for many holidaymakers as the coastline offers one of the most beautiful sights of sunrise and sunset. Each native seafront holds a distinct identity and is of a unique character and draws a particular type of visitors. On one hand, the Phuket islands offer various activities, then on the other hand, the seaside at Khao Lak is ideal for a family trip. If Koh Tao is a paradise for scuba divers, then Koh Chang island offers luxury to budget seaside bungalows.

Koh Chang island
Koh Chang island

Catering to the needs of international tourists also, the Kamala Beach of Phuket provides up-scale world-class services including accommodation and restaurants.

The famous seashore of Phuket itself is full of contrasts as the Patong Beach is activity-filled and the seafront at Kata and Karone and ideal for families. In addition, a special highlight at the waterfront is the lavish comforts of traditional Thai spas and the premium resorts for a refreshing body and soul. Adding to the popularity quotient of the isle of Phuket is its easy accessibility and its ideal location in a way that the place serves as a starting point for taking trips to many nearby islands like Koh Phi Phi and Phang Nga Bay and Koh Tapu. Phang Nga Bay is unique as it provides facilities for indulging into experiences of kayaking and snorkelling.

So, come and visit this amazing nation with your friends and family for an experience of a lifetime.

Make the Best of Phuket Tours by Indulging in Adventure Activities

phuket
Phuket

If travelers are looking for some adventure during their vacation, there are plenty of options on offer at Phuket, a province located in the southern part of Thailand. Bordered by the Andaman Sea and Gulf of Thailand, this region has a number of attractive places to visit and exciting things to do for globetrotters. Reaching this place by air is the easiest, though it is well-connected by rail, road and water, as well. Phuket tours are arranged by travel planners, where vacationers are taken for a trip through this province. This place has emerged as one of the leading global destinations for spending a relaxing weekend or may be more than that.

Khao Phra Thaew National Park
Khao Phra Thaew National Park

Go for a Trail through the Khao Phra Thaew National Park

Contrary to the opinion of some people, the beauty of this place is not about its pristine beaches only. The inland of this provincial region has a number of interesting places. People can go for an expedition to Khao Phra Thaew National Park, which is one of the few remaining rainforests in this region and are the niche grounds of several protected species of wildlife. Enthusiasts, accompanied by guides can go for hiking trails, which are organized by major tour planners of this area. Some of the Thailand packages, organised across the entire country, include excursion trips to this national park.

Cruise Trips

For those travellers who like to brave the sea-waters and go for cruise trips, Phuket provides an ideal gateway to a number of islands scattered in the Phang Nga Bay and the Andaman Sea. These islands, which are mostly devoid of inhabitants, are worth visiting because of their intense scenic beauty. Most snapshots of this province and Thailand as a whole, feature clicks of these islands. Charter boat trips are organised to these islands, wherein globetrotters are taken to some of these desolate isles amidst the crystal clear blue waters of the sea. The best ones to opt for, are those cruises, which go for overnight trips as sunrises and sunsets are the best times to click pictures at these spots.

Elephant Trekking

If vacationers are on a family trip with little children, one of the most exciting parts of a Phuket trip is, undoubtedly, elephant trekking. There are a number of camps around this province, which offer tourists a ride on elephants through the vast rubber plantations and forests. Termed as Elephant Safari, these trips are of short duration, generally 1 hour or even 30 minutes on some occasions. Getting to view the natural beauty and the vast greenery of the inland on elephant-backs is an enjoyable experience, mainly for kids. Sometimes, elephant shows are also organised, where these huge mammals are trained to paint or score goals in front of spectators.

Savour Sumptuous Thai Dishes during Thailand Holidays

Thailand, a south-east Asian country surrounded by Andaman Sea in the west and nations of Laos and Cambodia to the east, is a sought-after tourist destination. The capital city of this nation – Bangkok has been voted as the most visited places of the world. It boasts of splendid beaches and islands, spectacular Buddhist temples and abundant wildlife. The country is immensely famous for its cuisine, traditional spa centres and nightlife among tourists. Major attractions of Thailand are the Phang Nga Bay, Grand Palace, Railay Beach, Siam Park City and Similan Islands. This nation is a paradise for shopaholics and provides a plethora of options to go on a shopping spree. Thai antiquities and art and crafts such as wood carvings, artificial flowers and live orchids, rattan and wickerwork accessories, nielloware and pewterware are popular among travellers. People looking forward to visit this country can browse several travel portals that offer Thailand holidays at attractive discounts.

Cuisine

Thai food is a preferred form of cuisine all over the world. Having the reputation of being spicy, it is actually a combination of different flavours creating a balance between spicy, salty, sweet, bitter and sour. Almost every dish is found consisting of fresh herbs, spices and fermented fish sauce. Influences of China, Burma, Laos and Malaysian taste can be easily found in the local cuisine. These meals are often accompanied by rice (khao in local language) with certain complementary dishes served alongside. As per local custom, more dishes are served than there are guests on a table.

 

Traditionally, the local food is eaten by hand and chopsticks are considered as foreign equipment. Common recipes of this region include Green Curry, Tom Kha Gai (coconut chicken soup), spring rolls and Chicken Satay. Travellers who wish to enjoy the delicious cuisine of this nation can avail a Thailand holiday package on offer by leading travel portals.

Thailand Tour to Explore its History at the Bangkok National Museum

Thailand is the only south-east Asian country that has never been a European colony. This country covers 514,000 sq km of area and has a 3,219 km long coastline. The majority of its population comprises people of Thai origin though it is also home to people of Indian, Chinese, Burmese, Malay, Khmer, Mon and Lao descent. Called as the Land of Smiles, this country is famous for its Buddhist temples, beautiful islands, wildlife, Thai food and spas. This place provides people with a plethora of fun-filled activities, such as scuba diving, mountain biking, camping, trekking, photography and bird watching. So, if you want to indulge in any of these activities along with paying a visit to the multiple attractions of this tropical country, you can take up a Thailand tour. Various attractions in the country like the Grand Palace, China Town, Wat Pho and Bridge over the River Kwai are ideal for sightseeing.

Bangkok National Museum

 There are other attractions in the country like the National Museum of Royal Barges and Bangkok National Museum, which can help you explore its rich history.

Founded by King Rama V in 1887, the Bangkok National Museum has a collection of antiques and artefacts from various part of the country over a period of time ranging from pre-historic phase to the age of old kingdoms (Dvaravati, Ayutthaya, Srivijaya, Khmer, and Sukhothai), and the present Rattanakosin era. The collection includes bronze objects, Neolithic tools, Buddhist sculptures in bronze, stone and terracotta, painted pots, illustrated scriptures, manuscripts, books, votive plaques and cabinets.

You can visit this museum during your Thailand holidays if you wish to learn about the history of this country. There are free guided tours given by volunteers in French and English on Wednesdays and Thursdays, starting at 9.30 a.m. These tours are also available in Japanese on Wednesdays and in German on Thursdays on the first and third week of every month.