A beautiful Anatolian country, Turkey is a popular tourist destination as it is home to a variety of historical sites and rich cultural heritage. It is among the most-visited countries of the world and is known for attracting more than 31 million international travellers in the recent years. People, who have explored its beautiful ancient cities and witnessed the remnants of various glorious empires, have named it the Cradle of Civilisation, serving as a bridge between Europe and Asia. Nowadays, people on Turkey holidays include both frequent and first time travellers, who come here to explore its various facets. Climatic diversity and a range of historically-significant edifices make Turkey a desirable destination to visit.
Ephesus is a quaint and ancient Greek city, which is situated a few kilometres away from the Izmir Province of Turkey. Established somewhere during 10th century BC by the Ionian and Attic colonists, this place has been the focal point of culture and commerce over the years. Besides, it holds prominent religious significance among followers of Christianity all over the world. All these factors attract hordes of tourists to this beautific city every year. In around 2nd century BC, this city was considered the fourth largest in the entire east of the Roman Empire. The classic Temple of Artemis added to its worth in those times and was among the seven wonders of the ancient world. Archaeological remains dotted across the region elegantly display various marvels of the bygone era.
This place has a great and eventful history, which evolved over centuries. It is said that in around 10th century BC, the prince of Athens – Androclos – was searching for a new settlement and found this place suitable as per the prediction of an Apollon Oracle. The city of Ephesus was established under the initiation of Androclos, who was hailed as its first king. A mausoleum was constructed in his memory after he died during the war with the Carians. During the mid of 6th century BC, this kingdom was at its Golden Age under the Lydian king Kreisos and became a symbol of culture and arts.
The prosperity of this ancient empire was at its zenith at this time, when it was provided with two governing bodies – democratic and oligarchic. This administrative formation ultimately resulted in a rebellion during the era. The first blow of this rebellion was suffered by the temple of Artemis, which was destroyed by the oligarchy supporters. Its repairing was proposed by Alexander the Great, who defeated the Persians and gained the control of Ephesus. This proud ruler added several other privileges to this site before his death. Ephesus was replaced by Arsinoeina for a short span of time, only to regain its original status years later. Guided tours are organised to this city, which is well-connected from several major adjoining areas. Travellers can opt for Turkey holiday packages in order to explore it in a better and detailed manner.